The Big Burp

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Dear Bobby,
You’re absolutely right. There was, of course, no bang to the big bang.
Great hearing from you again and thank you for asking!
Had you actually been there, and given the wonders of quantum theory with it’s multiple worlds, parallel universes and “everything that IS possible happens” philosophy there IS no reasons to expect you weren’t, it would have seemed more like a baby’s burp; a sudden massive explosion of gases and particles aptly described as an “opaque primordial soup”.
Forget the “something from nothing” and “nothing IS something” myth. Certainly there IS an uncertainty principle though the confusion lays in the syntax not the science, or as that great philosopher Clinton argued, “it depends on what the meaning of the word ‘IS’ is.”
Earth has something called a law, it says matter and energy can neither be created or destroyed, only changed; a pretty good rule given that uncertainty thing and seemingly as true in the quantum as the classical world.
I can remember it like it was our first creation. A mere 14.7 billion EYA (Earth-Years-Ago), I watched a large black hole tidy up a small corner of a good sized universe; stars and galactic debris circled like water around a drain, nothing escaped except some excess radiation; it sounded like a huge cosmic garbage disposal. I marveled as stars and planets were compacted into a pea sized mass and just as I sensed it was becoming unstable and couldn’t devour more, poof . . . The Big Burp
It was a beautiful thing, entangled particles and waves bursting like spores into another dimension claiming their birthright in a new fabric of space and time.
Of course one could make the case it came out of the other end but that leaves the connotation of “primordial poop” and although there are those who would argue strongly your world has gone to s… we’re not prepared to go there . . . not just yet.
Admittedly it’s confusing given hidden variables and contrived cosmological constants but therein lays the problem - or solution depending upon the simple act of observation. Even that chap Einstein didn’t quite get it right, but what can you expect from someone who doesn’t even know how to comb his hair.
It’s not difficult really; quantum theory is based on matter’s particle-wave duality. Schrödinger wrote the equation describing how this works for any single quantum object and Everett’s universal wave function simply applied it to every object in the universe.
Earthlings still get confused with the measurement problem. When and where in actual reality does matter exist? Does everything exist in all possible forms until measured or vice-versa, does superimposition split like an amoeba, does the universal wave decoherse?
In reality your best measurements show only 4.6% of ‘your’ universe is solid matter, 95% of ‘your’ universe is dark, and has never been directly measured.
Think maybe your not measuring ALL the universes?
Hello? Does the term nonlocality ring a Bell?
This begs the question what actually is reality, is it only what can be measured or is it everything possible?
Could it be both?
Some believe observation changes everything. Consider the possibility observation stops time in a given locality.
Time is an effect of motion.
Time didn’t exist for your universe until The Big Burp spewed forth and began expanding. In your world 'time' is a narrowed-down concept dependant upon the rotation of one small planet circling one of 300 billion suns in a remote galaxy. This makes time relative; it is the height of conceit to assume your time relevant to the entire galaxy let alone the entirety of the mulitverses. Nor is time static, if you don’t believe time accelerates just ask your grandfather.
Observation is like looking at a single frame of a movie, the movie exists with all its plots and subplots but looking at only one frame is like a snapshot; you see what happened but not what went on before or after; the movie can’t be changed, you simply segregate a frame for observation.
Don’t worry, there are an infinite number of ‘movies’ in an infinite number of universes so though your free will may be limited in one, it will find infinite expression in others.
Your galaxy is in fact only a Qubit, a movie reel of sorts spinning through the universe of a vast cosmic quantum computer; the data are in the stars and space, the dots and dashes or the 1’s and 0’s.  Gravity is the metal holding the celluloid together, keeping it as best it can from entropy. Black holes are the delete buttons.  TAKE WARNING: your species may be viewed as a virus in this grand scheme.
But you see, there is no paradox in the observation, the cat exists both alive and dead; the probability of it’s observed state depends on time.  Given the cat is going to be dead a lot longer than he’s alive the probability of finding him alive is not fifty-fifty.  
What makes the difference? 
The mechanism in the box.
What is this mechanism? A radioactive element randomly releasing an electron, in turn releasing cat transforming cyanide; the forerunner of the Atomic clock and when this clock strikes midnight the cat IS as corpse.
Thus the paradox resolves when time is relative. When you look at the cat now you will see him with height, depth and width.  Had the cat been observed before our experiment with binocular vision, when Cyclops ruled your world, he would have been seen in only one dimension. So too, when you look at the cat now you see him in only one time and one space. Not to string you along but, oh my goodness, the gravity of the situation will manifest itself if only your progeny can survive long enough to evolve the ability to view the hidden variables through ALL dimensions of objective reality.
With undimentional love,

About the Author: 
Craig Saunders is a cardiac surgeon who is developing writing as a hobby for retirement to ward off dementia. He is a much better surgeon than writer.

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Quantum Theories

R is for ... Radioactivity

The atoms of a radioactive substance break apart, emitting particles. It is impossible to predict when the next particle will be emitted as it happens at random. All we can do is give the probability that any particular atom will have decayed by a given time.

E is for ... Entanglement

When two quantum objects interact, the information they contain becomes shared. This can result in a kind of link between them, where an action performed on one will affect the outcome of an action performed on the other. This “entanglement” applies even if the two particles are half a universe apart.

C is for ... Cryptography

People have been hiding information in messages for millennia, but the quantum world provides a whole new way to do it.

L is for ... Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

At CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, this machine is smashing apart particles in order to discover their constituent parts and the quantum laws that govern their behaviour.

X is for ... X-ray

In 1923 Arthur Compton shone X-rays onto a block of graphite and found that they bounced off with their energy reduced exactly as would be expected if they were composed of particles colliding with electrons in the graphite. This was the first indication of radiation’s particle-like nature.

W is for ... Wavefunction

The mathematics of quantum theory associates each quantum object with a wavefunction that appears in the Schrödinger equation and gives the probability of finding it in any given state.

R is for ... Randomness

Unpredictability lies at the heart of quantum mechanics. It bothered Einstein, but it also bothers the Dalai Lama.

D is for ... Dice

Albert Einstein decided quantum theory couldn’t be right because its reliance on probability means everything is a result of chance. “God doesn’t play dice with the world,” he said.

Y is for ... Young's Double Slit Experiment

In 1801, Thomas Young proved light was a wave, and overthrew Newton’s idea that light was a “corpuscle”.

Q is for ... Quantum biology

A new and growing field that explores whether many biological processes depend on uniquely quantum processes to work. Under particular scrutiny at the moment are photosynthesis, smell and the navigation of migratory birds.

D is for ... Decoherence

Unless it is carefully isolated, a quantum system will “leak” information into its surroundings. This can destroy delicate states such as superposition and entanglement.

G is for ... Gravity

Our best theory of gravity no longer belongs to Isaac Newton. It’s Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. There’s just one problem: it is incompatible with quantum theory. The effort to tie the two together provides the greatest challenge to physics in the 21st century.

I is for ... Interferometer

Some of the strangest characteristics of quantum theory can be demonstrated by firing a photon into an interferometer: the device’s output is a pattern that can only be explained by the photon passing simultaneously through two widely-separated slits.

J is for ... Josephson Junction

This is a narrow constriction in a ring of superconductor. Current can only move around the ring because of quantum laws; the apparatus provides a neat way to investigate the properties of quantum mechanics.

M is for ... Many Worlds Theory

Some researchers think the best way to explain the strange characteristics of the quantum world is to allow that each quantum event creates a new universe.

C is for ... Computing

The rules of the quantum world mean that we can process information much faster than is possible using the computers we use now.

T is for ... Tunnelling

This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.

P is for ... Planck's Constant

This is one of the universal constants of nature, and relates the energy of a single quantum of radiation to its frequency. It is central to quantum theory and appears in many important formulae, including the Schrödinger Equation.

A is for ... Act of observation

Some people believe this changes everything in the quantum world, even bringing things into existence.

F is for ... Free Will

Ideas at the heart of quantum theory, to do with randomness and the character of the molecules that make up the physical matter of our brains, lead some researchers to suggest humans can’t have free will.

B is for ... Bell's Theorem

In 1964, John Bell came up with a way of testing whether quantum theory was a true reflection of reality. In 1982, the results came in – and the world has never been the same since!

M is for ... Multiverse

Our most successful theories of cosmology suggest that our universe is one of many universes that bubble off from one another. It’s not clear whether it will ever be possible to detect these other universes.

G is for ... Gluon

These elementary particles hold together the quarks that lie at the heart of matter.

Z is for ... Zero-point energy

Even at absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, nothing has zero energy. In these conditions, particles and fields are in their lowest energy state, with an energy proportional to Planck’s constant.

B is for ... Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)

At extremely low temperatures, quantum rules mean that atoms can come together and behave as if they are one giant super-atom.

K is for ... Kaon

These are particles that carry a quantum property called strangeness. Some fundamental particles have the property known as charm!

U is for ... Uncertainty Principle

One of the most famous ideas in science, this declares that it is impossible to know all the physical attributes of a quantum particle or system simultaneously.

A is for ... Alice and Bob

In quantum experiments, these are the names traditionally given to the people transmitting and receiving information. In quantum cryptography, an eavesdropper called Eve tries to intercept the information.

S is for ... Schrödinger’s Cat

A hypothetical experiment in which a cat kept in a closed box can be alive and dead at the same time – as long as nobody lifts the lid to take a look.

A is for ... Atom

This is the basic building block of matter that creates the world of chemical elements – although it is made up of more fundamental particles.

N is for ... Nonlocality

When two quantum particles are entangled, it can also be said they are “nonlocal”: their physical proximity does not affect the way their quantum states are linked.

V is for ... Virtual particles

Quantum theory’s uncertainty principle says that since not even empty space can have zero energy, the universe is fizzing with particle-antiparticle pairs that pop in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles are the source of Hawking radiation.

H is for ... Hawking Radiation

In 1975, Stephen Hawking showed that the principles of quantum mechanics would mean that a black hole emits a slow stream of particles and would eventually evaporate.

I is for ... Information

Many researchers working in quantum theory believe that information is the most fundamental building block of reality.

L is for ... Light

We used to believe light was a wave, then we discovered it had the properties of a particle that we call a photon. Now we know it, like all elementary quantum objects, is both a wave and a particle!

S is for ... Schrödinger Equation

This is the central equation of quantum theory, and describes how any quantum system will behave, and how its observable qualities are likely to manifest in an experiment.

T is for ... Teleportation

Quantum tricks allow a particle to be transported from one location to another without passing through the intervening space – or that’s how it appears. The reality is that the process is more like faxing, where the information held by one particle is written onto a distant particle.

H is for ... Hidden Variables

One school of thought says that the strangeness of quantum theory can be put down to a lack of information; if we could find the “hidden variables” the mysteries would all go away.

S is for ... Superposition

Quantum objects can exist in two or more states at once: an electron in superposition, for example, can simultaneously move clockwise and anticlockwise around a ring-shaped conductor.

O is for ... Objective reality

Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum physics, said there is no such thing as objective reality. All we can talk about, he said, is the results of measurements we make.

R is for ... Reality

Since the predictions of quantum theory have been right in every experiment ever done, many researchers think it is the best guide we have to the nature of reality. Unfortunately, that still leaves room for plenty of ideas about what reality really is!

W is for ... Wave-particle duality

It is possible to describe an atom, an electron, or a photon as either a wave or a particle. In reality, they are both: a wave and a particle.

U is for ... Universe

To many researchers, the universe behaves like a gigantic quantum computer that is busy processing all the information it contains.

Q is for ... Qubit

One quantum bit of information is known as a qubit (pronounced Q-bit). The ability of quantum particles to exist in many different states at once means a single quantum object can represent multiple qubits at once, opening up the possibility of extremely fast information processing.

P is for ... Probability

Quantum mechanics is a probabilistic theory: it does not give definite answers, but only the probability that an experiment will come up with a particular answer. This was the source of Einstein’s objection that God “does not play dice” with the universe.