Fields That Dream

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  The problem with Jones is that he had no intuition. Finding his way around corners was not in his strength. Give him a task that he could plow straight through and that was fine. He could hold a direction but he was strictly one dimensional. Shipley, on the other hand, could get out of a maze blindfolded. Two dimensions, no problem. Getting up a flight of stairs; now that was horse of a different color. Shipley did not like altitude at all. Keep it at zero. No positives or negatives in his life. Especially in the z coordinate. And neither of them could be on time. I don’t think they knew the definition. The one exception was for baseball games. Both of them loved to play and they managed to make every game.
          Dimensional baseball was not for everyone. You either could grasp it intuitively or not. Tonight’s game between the 2D’s and the 3D’s was stacking up to be one of the best of the season. It might even go into extra dimensions. Last week’s game between the two Linear teams was interesting but somehow lacked intensity. It would still be going if it hadn’t of been for a timeout. X Linear was still up in the bottom of the first when minus X’s manager had had enough. It was the first all hitter in history. The league was in its early stages you can imagine. They might be tweaking some of the team’s schedules.
            George Wells was in the lineup tonight. He could play any position and was even a switch hitter. He was even known to pitch from time to time and tonight was one of those instances. Was there any aspect of baseball he was poor at? Base running involved speed changes. He was fast enough but judging the right speed at which to hit the next base was difficult for him. Base coaches can help but they can't run for you. Dave Filby could have been on the mound tonight if needed. His brother James had pitched last night and won. The Filby’s were good. But it wasn’t either of their days in the rotation. Neither had lost this season mainly due to the variety of pitched they could throw. Straightball, slide r, sin wave; they had all the normal of pitch arsenal at their beck and call. Both were fully three dimensional. Never-the-less the coach called upon George to pitch. His only pitching fault was, you guessed it, speed variability. Every pitch was the same speed. He could throw similar pitches to the Filby’s but was missing their velocity changes. He lacked a certain dimension.
            Jones was leadoff tonight. George was in charge during the entire at bat until he threw that flat sine wave. Jones drilled a single right down first base line. That’s a laugh. Where else would he hit it? The trouble began when the next batter got a hit. Shipley nailed a straightball right back up the middle but Jones being Jones missed the base coach’s 45 degree left call and took off straight down the line into right field. Could that man not think without direction? Thankfully he heard the coach’s 180 degree call before he hit the wall. He was out and the 2D’s only had one runner on base. The next batter dropped down a relatively good quantum hit and Shipley hustled around to third. George wanted to keep his record intact too so he called the catcher out to the mound. “Should I use a different pitch?” he asked. The catcher looked at him and said, “Good idea. No one has seen a slide r for years!” It worked and they eventually won the game and the trophy.
            The next year all the teams were moved up to the Gauge league. New teams formed. The Photons, W, W-, and Z Bosons and Gluons all took the field the next spring but for some reason no one on the teams were able to hit home runs. Something kept pulling all the balls back into the field. What was keeping them all in play? One day a new player stepped to the plate. They had heard he was around but no one, up to now, knew how to sign him. Apparently he was about to make his presence known. The opposing coach thought he’d better bring in his best reliever. After a few practice pitches he was ready. His first pitch was going to be the best curve ever. Then the batter pointed to a specific vector. When the pitcher released the ball it began to spin. At the plate there was a super collision and the ball scaled the fence. Although it headed off in the direction predicted, as far as we are aware of, it has not been found yet. The hit became so famous that they named a new field for the batter although they still needed to keep looking for proof that it really took place.

About the Author: 
I’m a Kid ER (Extended-Relic) A little pharmacy joke. Old pharmacists like to have fun too

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Quantum Theories

D is for ... Dice

Albert Einstein decided quantum theory couldn’t be right because its reliance on probability means everything is a result of chance. “God doesn’t play dice with the world,” he said.

W is for ... Wavefunction

The mathematics of quantum theory associates each quantum object with a wavefunction that appears in the Schrödinger equation and gives the probability of finding it in any given state.

F is for ... Free Will

Ideas at the heart of quantum theory, to do with randomness and the character of the molecules that make up the physical matter of our brains, lead some researchers to suggest humans can’t have free will.

T is for ... Teleportation

Quantum tricks allow a particle to be transported from one location to another without passing through the intervening space – or that’s how it appears. The reality is that the process is more like faxing, where the information held by one particle is written onto a distant particle.

K is for ... Kaon

These are particles that carry a quantum property called strangeness. Some fundamental particles have the property known as charm!

A is for ... Atom

This is the basic building block of matter that creates the world of chemical elements – although it is made up of more fundamental particles.

Y is for ... Young's Double Slit Experiment

In 1801, Thomas Young proved light was a wave, and overthrew Newton’s idea that light was a “corpuscle”.

X is for ... X-ray

In 1923 Arthur Compton shone X-rays onto a block of graphite and found that they bounced off with their energy reduced exactly as would be expected if they were composed of particles colliding with electrons in the graphite. This was the first indication of radiation’s particle-like nature.

A is for ... Act of observation

Some people believe this changes everything in the quantum world, even bringing things into existence.

W is for ... Wave-particle duality

It is possible to describe an atom, an electron, or a photon as either a wave or a particle. In reality, they are both: a wave and a particle.

C is for ... Computing

The rules of the quantum world mean that we can process information much faster than is possible using the computers we use now.

I is for ... Information

Many researchers working in quantum theory believe that information is the most fundamental building block of reality.

S is for ... Schrödinger’s Cat

A hypothetical experiment in which a cat kept in a closed box can be alive and dead at the same time – as long as nobody lifts the lid to take a look.

N is for ... Nonlocality

When two quantum particles are entangled, it can also be said they are “nonlocal”: their physical proximity does not affect the way their quantum states are linked.

U is for ... Uncertainty Principle

One of the most famous ideas in science, this declares that it is impossible to know all the physical attributes of a quantum particle or system simultaneously.

B is for ... Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)

At extremely low temperatures, quantum rules mean that atoms can come together and behave as if they are one giant super-atom.

R is for ... Radioactivity

The atoms of a radioactive substance break apart, emitting particles. It is impossible to predict when the next particle will be emitted as it happens at random. All we can do is give the probability that any particular atom will have decayed by a given time.

V is for ... Virtual particles

Quantum theory’s uncertainty principle says that since not even empty space can have zero energy, the universe is fizzing with particle-antiparticle pairs that pop in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles are the source of Hawking radiation.

C is for ... Cryptography

People have been hiding information in messages for millennia, but the quantum world provides a whole new way to do it.

D is for ... Decoherence

Unless it is carefully isolated, a quantum system will “leak” information into its surroundings. This can destroy delicate states such as superposition and entanglement.

Z is for ... Zero-point energy

Even at absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, nothing has zero energy. In these conditions, particles and fields are in their lowest energy state, with an energy proportional to Planck’s constant.

I is for ... Interferometer

Some of the strangest characteristics of quantum theory can be demonstrated by firing a photon into an interferometer: the device’s output is a pattern that can only be explained by the photon passing simultaneously through two widely-separated slits.

Q is for ... Qubit

One quantum bit of information is known as a qubit (pronounced Q-bit). The ability of quantum particles to exist in many different states at once means a single quantum object can represent multiple qubits at once, opening up the possibility of extremely fast information processing.

R is for ... Randomness

Unpredictability lies at the heart of quantum mechanics. It bothered Einstein, but it also bothers the Dalai Lama.

R is for ... Reality

Since the predictions of quantum theory have been right in every experiment ever done, many researchers think it is the best guide we have to the nature of reality. Unfortunately, that still leaves room for plenty of ideas about what reality really is!

E is for ... Entanglement

When two quantum objects interact, the information they contain becomes shared. This can result in a kind of link between them, where an action performed on one will affect the outcome of an action performed on the other. This “entanglement” applies even if the two particles are half a universe apart.

G is for ... Gluon

These elementary particles hold together the quarks that lie at the heart of matter.

S is for ... Superposition

Quantum objects can exist in two or more states at once: an electron in superposition, for example, can simultaneously move clockwise and anticlockwise around a ring-shaped conductor.

H is for ... Hidden Variables

One school of thought says that the strangeness of quantum theory can be put down to a lack of information; if we could find the “hidden variables” the mysteries would all go away.

U is for ... Universe

To many researchers, the universe behaves like a gigantic quantum computer that is busy processing all the information it contains.

H is for ... Hawking Radiation

In 1975, Stephen Hawking showed that the principles of quantum mechanics would mean that a black hole emits a slow stream of particles and would eventually evaporate.

M is for ... Many Worlds Theory

Some researchers think the best way to explain the strange characteristics of the quantum world is to allow that each quantum event creates a new universe.

P is for ... Probability

Quantum mechanics is a probabilistic theory: it does not give definite answers, but only the probability that an experiment will come up with a particular answer. This was the source of Einstein’s objection that God “does not play dice” with the universe.

S is for ... Schrödinger Equation

This is the central equation of quantum theory, and describes how any quantum system will behave, and how its observable qualities are likely to manifest in an experiment.

J is for ... Josephson Junction

This is a narrow constriction in a ring of superconductor. Current can only move around the ring because of quantum laws; the apparatus provides a neat way to investigate the properties of quantum mechanics.

Q is for ... Quantum biology

A new and growing field that explores whether many biological processes depend on uniquely quantum processes to work. Under particular scrutiny at the moment are photosynthesis, smell and the navigation of migratory birds.

P is for ... Planck's Constant

This is one of the universal constants of nature, and relates the energy of a single quantum of radiation to its frequency. It is central to quantum theory and appears in many important formulae, including the Schrödinger Equation.

A is for ... Alice and Bob

In quantum experiments, these are the names traditionally given to the people transmitting and receiving information. In quantum cryptography, an eavesdropper called Eve tries to intercept the information.

B is for ... Bell's Theorem

In 1964, John Bell came up with a way of testing whether quantum theory was a true reflection of reality. In 1982, the results came in – and the world has never been the same since!

M is for ... Multiverse

Our most successful theories of cosmology suggest that our universe is one of many universes that bubble off from one another. It’s not clear whether it will ever be possible to detect these other universes.

L is for ... Light

We used to believe light was a wave, then we discovered it had the properties of a particle that we call a photon. Now we know it, like all elementary quantum objects, is both a wave and a particle!

G is for ... Gravity

Our best theory of gravity no longer belongs to Isaac Newton. It’s Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. There’s just one problem: it is incompatible with quantum theory. The effort to tie the two together provides the greatest challenge to physics in the 21st century.

L is for ... Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

At CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, this machine is smashing apart particles in order to discover their constituent parts and the quantum laws that govern their behaviour.

O is for ... Objective reality

Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum physics, said there is no such thing as objective reality. All we can talk about, he said, is the results of measurements we make.

T is for ... Tunnelling

This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.