The Lightning Bolt

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        The idea was old. The postulation was that the aliens’ language was either too rapid, or too slow for us to understand.


        I disembark the driverless, electric bus. Emitting a phony buzz, it continues along its trajectory, glowing and gliding like a bioluminescent anglerfish, and vanishing into the tarmac abyss.

        I draw my coat about myself as a shield for my precious luggage. Above me, veins of plasma fractalize against a cathedral of clouds, illuminating the enormous pillars and arches of the arborescent Cumulonimbus Incus thunderstorm cloud. 

        I close my eyes before they can adapt to the pitch-darkness that ensues. Suspended in my mind, the low-lying clouds resemble puffs of cotton, imbued with shades of glowing magenta.  Spectral roots are still discernible in their midst. I am excited by the notion that that photons hitting my photoreceptor cells are somehow observed and immortalized as information. 


        It is the 22nd century. A person living a century ago could never have guessed at how dramatically life has changed for us. In their day, they illustrated us with flying cars and mile high towers, whereas the real changes are hidden behind modest walls, flesh, and even genes. Most surprisingly, perhaps, is that we are still alone in this universe, as far as we know. We have yet to succeed in contacting intelligent beings beyond the human race. 

        From behind the walls of the rusty old building in the middle of the desert, we seek evidence of their existence. By means of a vast array of radio telescopes, we scan the heavens for alien life. The nearly defunct SETI, or Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence, lacks both in funding and in any signs of an impending discovery. I have even heard rumors hinting that termination may be imminent. 

        When I arrive at the computer lab, I find my colleague in a frenzied state. Slumped against the wall, a cigarette dangles from between his fingers. Regarding the space in front of him, he takes a drag. Trembling, sweat-soaked hands send ashes fluttering like tiny moths. 


        His body lurches violently forward, and the cigarette tumbles to the floor. He attempts to slow his rapid breathing. “I… I didn’t see you there. I’ve been waiting for you.”

        “Are you okay, Eli?”

        “Look for yourself.” He gestures toward a computer screen, frozen mid-calculation from data too big to process.

        “Rio signal scale: 10.”

        The case I was concerned about before, which contains a quantum processor with a SPDC-type time cloak stabilizer, slips from my grasp and clatters to the floor. I barely notice. A 10 on the Rio Scale means that they are trying to contact us.

        We spot them, at last. They are eerily unfamiliar life forms, with unshapely eyes, faces, and legs. We are ecstatic, recognizing our privilege. What we see next, however, is almost sickening. They appear to be turned inside-out, with throbbing veins on fish-like faces, and glowing blood pumping beneath their moist flesh. Their unblinking, beady eyes are coated with a film that extends over their entire faces. The scintillating glowing of their faces appears to be a form of gestural communication, similar to human facial expressions.

        The signals turn out to be their equivalent of television. It is an entire history of their broadcasts, from monochromatics to holographics, from beginning to end. Celebration, wartime laments, and despair all spiral downward into nothingness.

We try to locate their home planet, but all we get is an error warning. The signal itself lasted for only 12 microseconds, yet these 12 microseconds comprise a timespan analogous to trillions of years of data. The signal has been echoing for longer than our universe is old, as if it were from a decayed universe.

        Was it unwrapped from a quantum time envelope? An entire universe, lasting for 12 microseconds?

        Then it occurs to me. What if times passes at a different pace for them? Non-classical space? A preposterous idea… Still, I set the telescope coordinate. To my utter disbelief, it is there. The parallax matches. The signal is coming from within a strike of lightning.

        The faint signal collapses back into white noise, followed by a death throe. “We have found you, O God.”


About the Author: 
Brian Soejadi comes from the humble city of Bandung, Indonesia. He is currently trying to publish his first science fiction novel. He yearns to see the redwood forests of the Pacific North Western United States.

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Quantum Theories

I is for ... Information

Many researchers working in quantum theory believe that information is the most fundamental building block of reality.

S is for ... Schrödinger’s Cat

A hypothetical experiment in which a cat kept in a closed box can be alive and dead at the same time – as long as nobody lifts the lid to take a look.

U is for ... Uncertainty Principle

One of the most famous ideas in science, this declares that it is impossible to know all the physical attributes of a quantum particle or system simultaneously.

M is for ... Multiverse

Our most successful theories of cosmology suggest that our universe is one of many universes that bubble off from one another. It’s not clear whether it will ever be possible to detect these other universes.

A is for ... Act of observation

Some people believe this changes everything in the quantum world, even bringing things into existence.

D is for ... Dice

Albert Einstein decided quantum theory couldn’t be right because its reliance on probability means everything is a result of chance. “God doesn’t play dice with the world,” he said.

R is for ... Reality

Since the predictions of quantum theory have been right in every experiment ever done, many researchers think it is the best guide we have to the nature of reality. Unfortunately, that still leaves room for plenty of ideas about what reality really is!

W is for ... Wavefunction

The mathematics of quantum theory associates each quantum object with a wavefunction that appears in the Schrödinger equation and gives the probability of finding it in any given state.

V is for ... Virtual particles

Quantum theory’s uncertainty principle says that since not even empty space can have zero energy, the universe is fizzing with particle-antiparticle pairs that pop in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles are the source of Hawking radiation.

Y is for ... Young's Double Slit Experiment

In 1801, Thomas Young proved light was a wave, and overthrew Newton’s idea that light was a “corpuscle”.

M is for ... Many Worlds Theory

Some researchers think the best way to explain the strange characteristics of the quantum world is to allow that each quantum event creates a new universe.

T is for ... Tunnelling

This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.

P is for ... Probability

Quantum mechanics is a probabilistic theory: it does not give definite answers, but only the probability that an experiment will come up with a particular answer. This was the source of Einstein’s objection that God “does not play dice” with the universe.

Q is for ... Quantum biology

A new and growing field that explores whether many biological processes depend on uniquely quantum processes to work. Under particular scrutiny at the moment are photosynthesis, smell and the navigation of migratory birds.

O is for ... Objective reality

Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum physics, said there is no such thing as objective reality. All we can talk about, he said, is the results of measurements we make.

A is for ... Atom

This is the basic building block of matter that creates the world of chemical elements – although it is made up of more fundamental particles.

Q is for ... Qubit

One quantum bit of information is known as a qubit (pronounced Q-bit). The ability of quantum particles to exist in many different states at once means a single quantum object can represent multiple qubits at once, opening up the possibility of extremely fast information processing.

C is for ... Computing

The rules of the quantum world mean that we can process information much faster than is possible using the computers we use now.

P is for ... Planck's Constant

This is one of the universal constants of nature, and relates the energy of a single quantum of radiation to its frequency. It is central to quantum theory and appears in many important formulae, including the Schrödinger Equation.

U is for ... Universe

To many researchers, the universe behaves like a gigantic quantum computer that is busy processing all the information it contains.

N is for ... Nonlocality

When two quantum particles are entangled, it can also be said they are “nonlocal”: their physical proximity does not affect the way their quantum states are linked.

H is for ... Hidden Variables

One school of thought says that the strangeness of quantum theory can be put down to a lack of information; if we could find the “hidden variables” the mysteries would all go away.

H is for ... Hawking Radiation

In 1975, Stephen Hawking showed that the principles of quantum mechanics would mean that a black hole emits a slow stream of particles and would eventually evaporate.

X is for ... X-ray

In 1923 Arthur Compton shone X-rays onto a block of graphite and found that they bounced off with their energy reduced exactly as would be expected if they were composed of particles colliding with electrons in the graphite. This was the first indication of radiation’s particle-like nature.

R is for ... Randomness

Unpredictability lies at the heart of quantum mechanics. It bothered Einstein, but it also bothers the Dalai Lama.

F is for ... Free Will

Ideas at the heart of quantum theory, to do with randomness and the character of the molecules that make up the physical matter of our brains, lead some researchers to suggest humans can’t have free will.

I is for ... Interferometer

Some of the strangest characteristics of quantum theory can be demonstrated by firing a photon into an interferometer: the device’s output is a pattern that can only be explained by the photon passing simultaneously through two widely-separated slits.

S is for ... Superposition

Quantum objects can exist in two or more states at once: an electron in superposition, for example, can simultaneously move clockwise and anticlockwise around a ring-shaped conductor.

G is for ... Gluon

These elementary particles hold together the quarks that lie at the heart of matter.

Z is for ... Zero-point energy

Even at absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, nothing has zero energy. In these conditions, particles and fields are in their lowest energy state, with an energy proportional to Planck’s constant.

A is for ... Alice and Bob

In quantum experiments, these are the names traditionally given to the people transmitting and receiving information. In quantum cryptography, an eavesdropper called Eve tries to intercept the information.

G is for ... Gravity

Our best theory of gravity no longer belongs to Isaac Newton. It’s Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. There’s just one problem: it is incompatible with quantum theory. The effort to tie the two together provides the greatest challenge to physics in the 21st century.

B is for ... Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)

At extremely low temperatures, quantum rules mean that atoms can come together and behave as if they are one giant super-atom.

S is for ... Schrödinger Equation

This is the central equation of quantum theory, and describes how any quantum system will behave, and how its observable qualities are likely to manifest in an experiment.

E is for ... Entanglement

When two quantum objects interact, the information they contain becomes shared. This can result in a kind of link between them, where an action performed on one will affect the outcome of an action performed on the other. This “entanglement” applies even if the two particles are half a universe apart.

B is for ... Bell's Theorem

In 1964, John Bell came up with a way of testing whether quantum theory was a true reflection of reality. In 1982, the results came in – and the world has never been the same since!

W is for ... Wave-particle duality

It is possible to describe an atom, an electron, or a photon as either a wave or a particle. In reality, they are both: a wave and a particle.

L is for ... Light

We used to believe light was a wave, then we discovered it had the properties of a particle that we call a photon. Now we know it, like all elementary quantum objects, is both a wave and a particle!

T is for ... Teleportation

Quantum tricks allow a particle to be transported from one location to another without passing through the intervening space – or that’s how it appears. The reality is that the process is more like faxing, where the information held by one particle is written onto a distant particle.

C is for ... Cryptography

People have been hiding information in messages for millennia, but the quantum world provides a whole new way to do it.

D is for ... Decoherence

Unless it is carefully isolated, a quantum system will “leak” information into its surroundings. This can destroy delicate states such as superposition and entanglement.

L is for ... Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

At CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, this machine is smashing apart particles in order to discover their constituent parts and the quantum laws that govern their behaviour.

J is for ... Josephson Junction

This is a narrow constriction in a ring of superconductor. Current can only move around the ring because of quantum laws; the apparatus provides a neat way to investigate the properties of quantum mechanics.

K is for ... Kaon

These are particles that carry a quantum property called strangeness. Some fundamental particles have the property known as charm!

R is for ... Radioactivity

The atoms of a radioactive substance break apart, emitting particles. It is impossible to predict when the next particle will be emitted as it happens at random. All we can do is give the probability that any particular atom will have decayed by a given time.