Macroscopic Twin Entanglement

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Many people have always said that a pair of twins have the closest relationship to each other, some even go as far as saying that they are linked somehow and can feel each other’s pain when one gets hurt no matter the distance between them. Some people are skeptical of this, but as for me and my twin we have always known this to be the case. It was true twins develop this relationship with each other stronger than any other pair of siblings I knew this from the very beginning, Kayley and I have always been close, but at times maybe too close? Strange things would happen at the most random times. The first time we noticed this strange phenomenon was on a quiet Wednesday morning when we were very young. We were playing a game we had made up pretending the floor was lava and you could not touch it, when I fell and cut my index finger on the side of a cabinet, and the moment that this happened Kayley screamed and noticed she had an identical cut on her index finger on the opposite hand. Was this a strange coincidence? Perhaps, but as we grew up these strange things kept happening, and every time something would happen to one of us the exact opposite would occur to the other. Like the second time this strange occurrence happened it was as if Kayley had complete control over me, she was practicing one of her dance routines for the school play she was in and about halfway through her routine I started copying her but the exact opposite motions to her, it was as if I was the mirror image of her and had no control over myself. This was spooky my parents thought I was playing a joke, but how could I have been copying her routine without knowing it and to such precision. I only stopped and could stop when my mother put her hand on me and turned me around to face her. I wanted to tell her, but how could I explain something I couldn’t even understand. It was only until the third incident we understood something was different about us, then the fourth happened and the fifth and so on. We didn’t even have to be in the same room or even the same country for these things to happen.
            There was one event when we were much older about 17 years old and I was vacationing in Florida during March break with my friends while Kayley was still at home in Alberta. And right before bed I had felt this extreme pain in my left wrist as if my wrist snapped in half. I let my friends know and we went to the hospital to get it checked out and sure enough I had broken my wrist doing apparently nothing. And at this moment I knew Kayley had just broken her wrist as well. I phoned her the moment after my realization and my dad picked up telling me this was not a good time. I already knew why it wasn’t but still asked him what was wrong. He explained to me Kayley had just broken her wrist from falling down the stairs and we were going to the hospital. I then asked my father which wrist she broke and he then told me it was her right with a confused voice why I wanted to know which wrist. I ended my vacation early to go home and wondered what my parents would think that their twins had both broken their wrist on the opposite hand. Turns out I was overthinking things and they just accepted it as a strange coincidence, as they did all the other weird events, I wish I could’ve done the same, but I knew that they weren’t all just weird coincidences.
            It wasn’t until my final year of high school when I think I had figured out these strange occurrences between Kayley and I. It was during my grade twelve physics class and we had just begun a new unit and our teacher was lecturing us about the areas of study we would learn in this new unit of quantum mechanics. He then came to the topic of quantum entanglement and he gave us a brief description of it. As he explained this further my eyes started widening my heart started racing and I then had an epiphany. At this moment I raced home. I got home and explained this to her and we had both realized it, could we be entangled? This could be the only logical explanation it would explain every weird occurrence we have had in our life. From the first incident all the way to the most recent, how are bodies would make sure we were mirror copies of each other giving us the same changes but opposite to the initial. When I cut my index finger and Kayley had the same cut but on the opposite hand on her index finger, when I mirrored her movements during her dance routine until my mom touched my shoulder stopping the interaction between us she could have represented the unbalanced force which stopped our bodies communication, and the broken wrist incident where we were so far away from each other yet our bodies communicated instantaneously even given the distance between us. However there was only one thing that didn’t add up quantum entanglement can only happen with microscopic particles, or can it? Could we be the first macroscopic things where every particle in us is entangled? Perhaps there was some sort of interference between two waves which resulted in a direct interaction between the particles and sub atomic particles of us when we were inside our mother and still cells, which created this entanglement between us even as we grew.

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Quantum Theories

D is for ... Decoherence

Unless it is carefully isolated, a quantum system will “leak” information into its surroundings. This can destroy delicate states such as superposition and entanglement.

T is for ... Teleportation

Quantum tricks allow a particle to be transported from one location to another without passing through the intervening space – or that’s how it appears. The reality is that the process is more like faxing, where the information held by one particle is written onto a distant particle.

O is for ... Objective reality

Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum physics, said there is no such thing as objective reality. All we can talk about, he said, is the results of measurements we make.

B is for ... Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)

At extremely low temperatures, quantum rules mean that atoms can come together and behave as if they are one giant super-atom.

S is for ... Superposition

Quantum objects can exist in two or more states at once: an electron in superposition, for example, can simultaneously move clockwise and anticlockwise around a ring-shaped conductor.

W is for ... Wavefunction

The mathematics of quantum theory associates each quantum object with a wavefunction that appears in the Schrödinger equation and gives the probability of finding it in any given state.

G is for ... Gravity

Our best theory of gravity no longer belongs to Isaac Newton. It’s Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. There’s just one problem: it is incompatible with quantum theory. The effort to tie the two together provides the greatest challenge to physics in the 21st century.

V is for ... Virtual particles

Quantum theory’s uncertainty principle says that since not even empty space can have zero energy, the universe is fizzing with particle-antiparticle pairs that pop in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles are the source of Hawking radiation.

P is for ... Planck's Constant

This is one of the universal constants of nature, and relates the energy of a single quantum of radiation to its frequency. It is central to quantum theory and appears in many important formulae, including the Schrödinger Equation.

L is for ... Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

At CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, this machine is smashing apart particles in order to discover their constituent parts and the quantum laws that govern their behaviour.

Q is for ... Qubit

One quantum bit of information is known as a qubit (pronounced Q-bit). The ability of quantum particles to exist in many different states at once means a single quantum object can represent multiple qubits at once, opening up the possibility of extremely fast information processing.

I is for ... Information

Many researchers working in quantum theory believe that information is the most fundamental building block of reality.

A is for ... Alice and Bob

In quantum experiments, these are the names traditionally given to the people transmitting and receiving information. In quantum cryptography, an eavesdropper called Eve tries to intercept the information.

A is for ... Act of observation

Some people believe this changes everything in the quantum world, even bringing things into existence.

Z is for ... Zero-point energy

Even at absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, nothing has zero energy. In these conditions, particles and fields are in their lowest energy state, with an energy proportional to Planck’s constant.

M is for ... Multiverse

Our most successful theories of cosmology suggest that our universe is one of many universes that bubble off from one another. It’s not clear whether it will ever be possible to detect these other universes.

S is for ... Schrödinger’s Cat

A hypothetical experiment in which a cat kept in a closed box can be alive and dead at the same time – as long as nobody lifts the lid to take a look.

M is for ... Many Worlds Theory

Some researchers think the best way to explain the strange characteristics of the quantum world is to allow that each quantum event creates a new universe.

X is for ... X-ray

In 1923 Arthur Compton shone X-rays onto a block of graphite and found that they bounced off with their energy reduced exactly as would be expected if they were composed of particles colliding with electrons in the graphite. This was the first indication of radiation’s particle-like nature.

S is for ... Schrödinger Equation

This is the central equation of quantum theory, and describes how any quantum system will behave, and how its observable qualities are likely to manifest in an experiment.

H is for ... Hidden Variables

One school of thought says that the strangeness of quantum theory can be put down to a lack of information; if we could find the “hidden variables” the mysteries would all go away.

J is for ... Josephson Junction

This is a narrow constriction in a ring of superconductor. Current can only move around the ring because of quantum laws; the apparatus provides a neat way to investigate the properties of quantum mechanics.

E is for ... Entanglement

When two quantum objects interact, the information they contain becomes shared. This can result in a kind of link between them, where an action performed on one will affect the outcome of an action performed on the other. This “entanglement” applies even if the two particles are half a universe apart.

A is for ... Atom

This is the basic building block of matter that creates the world of chemical elements – although it is made up of more fundamental particles.

L is for ... Light

We used to believe light was a wave, then we discovered it had the properties of a particle that we call a photon. Now we know it, like all elementary quantum objects, is both a wave and a particle!

C is for ... Computing

The rules of the quantum world mean that we can process information much faster than is possible using the computers we use now.

G is for ... Gluon

These elementary particles hold together the quarks that lie at the heart of matter.

I is for ... Interferometer

Some of the strangest characteristics of quantum theory can be demonstrated by firing a photon into an interferometer: the device’s output is a pattern that can only be explained by the photon passing simultaneously through two widely-separated slits.

U is for ... Universe

To many researchers, the universe behaves like a gigantic quantum computer that is busy processing all the information it contains.

F is for ... Free Will

Ideas at the heart of quantum theory, to do with randomness and the character of the molecules that make up the physical matter of our brains, lead some researchers to suggest humans can’t have free will.

P is for ... Probability

Quantum mechanics is a probabilistic theory: it does not give definite answers, but only the probability that an experiment will come up with a particular answer. This was the source of Einstein’s objection that God “does not play dice” with the universe.

R is for ... Randomness

Unpredictability lies at the heart of quantum mechanics. It bothered Einstein, but it also bothers the Dalai Lama.

W is for ... Wave-particle duality

It is possible to describe an atom, an electron, or a photon as either a wave or a particle. In reality, they are both: a wave and a particle.

D is for ... Dice

Albert Einstein decided quantum theory couldn’t be right because its reliance on probability means everything is a result of chance. “God doesn’t play dice with the world,” he said.

U is for ... Uncertainty Principle

One of the most famous ideas in science, this declares that it is impossible to know all the physical attributes of a quantum particle or system simultaneously.

Q is for ... Quantum biology

A new and growing field that explores whether many biological processes depend on uniquely quantum processes to work. Under particular scrutiny at the moment are photosynthesis, smell and the navigation of migratory birds.

K is for ... Kaon

These are particles that carry a quantum property called strangeness. Some fundamental particles have the property known as charm!

C is for ... Cryptography

People have been hiding information in messages for millennia, but the quantum world provides a whole new way to do it.

H is for ... Hawking Radiation

In 1975, Stephen Hawking showed that the principles of quantum mechanics would mean that a black hole emits a slow stream of particles and would eventually evaporate.

R is for ... Radioactivity

The atoms of a radioactive substance break apart, emitting particles. It is impossible to predict when the next particle will be emitted as it happens at random. All we can do is give the probability that any particular atom will have decayed by a given time.

N is for ... Nonlocality

When two quantum particles are entangled, it can also be said they are “nonlocal”: their physical proximity does not affect the way their quantum states are linked.

R is for ... Reality

Since the predictions of quantum theory have been right in every experiment ever done, many researchers think it is the best guide we have to the nature of reality. Unfortunately, that still leaves room for plenty of ideas about what reality really is!

B is for ... Bell's Theorem

In 1964, John Bell came up with a way of testing whether quantum theory was a true reflection of reality. In 1982, the results came in – and the world has never been the same since!

Y is for ... Young's Double Slit Experiment

In 1801, Thomas Young proved light was a wave, and overthrew Newton’s idea that light was a “corpuscle”.

T is for ... Tunnelling

This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.