The Quantumgeniality Queen

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Have you ever dissected your brain in theory? It’s like a whole new world. Your own, whole new world. Sorry, did I forget to introduce myself? My name is Kristina, her brain, to be exact. As you know, your brain is considered to be three parts. Your left-brain is responsible for your logical and analytical thoughts and your right brain is the authentic, thoughtful you. Finally as a whole, comes me, the brain as one. I’m the conductor of your life and for this story, the narrator. Your lesson for the day, is superposition. This is the concept of exaggerated time travel, having the ability to be in two places at the exact same time but opposite.
It all started, a few weeks ago when my right side and left side were separated. It was a weird feeling; unordinary and lopsided. I had no idea where the both of me went! Since they have different views of life, the possibilities of trouble they could theoretically get into was infinite! So I did what any other brain would do when looking for oneself. I placed a missing person advertisement on the local radio station, hoping that someone could help me find my “sisters”!
This is where the story begins. Flash back to 3 weeks ago, on a snowy December afternoon, when I called QP Radio.
DJ: Hello and welcome to Quantum Radio, I’m your DJ and host for the afternoon Neilsborini! Just a reminder if you have any traffic tips or heads up for other drivers, feel free to call in, the number is a constant of 626-1034, lines are open now!
DJ: Hello, you’re the first caller. Please tell us your name and the news you have to inform us about.
Kristina: Neilsborini! How exciting to be talking with you on the phone! My name is Kristina, I don’t have a traffic tip for you but I do have a huge favour to ask. Could I place a missing person report with you? I’m missing my brain twin sisters, Leftina and Rightina. If anyone listening knows of their whereabouts, please let me know! I’m going out of my mind with worry! My number is 299-1008. Please don’t hesitate to call! Thanks so much Neilsborini!
DJ: Alright, everyone, you heard the lady. We have missing twin sisters out there. If you have a lead to where they could be, or have been in the past 24 hours, please give the show a shout. The lines are still open. Again, the number is 626-1034.
DJ: “Hey, you’re on air!”
Caller: Hi Neil! I just tuned in, and heard the missing person report. Tune into channel 626, The Miss Quantumgeniality Pageant is on and there are two contestants who are called Rightina and Leftina. Hope this helps!
(Meanwhile, at the Pageant)
MC: Welcome to the 2014 City of Quantum’s Queen Quantumgeniality Pageant! I’m your host and MC for the night, John Dalton and it is my pleasure to introduce the judges of tonight’s pageant. We have, Werner Heisenber for evening wear, Robert Hooke for Glitz wear and finally we have Leonhard Euler for the final review and question portion of the pageant. Along side these fabulous and world-renowned judges, we have last years Queen of Quantumgeniality, Maxine Planck. Lets give these folks a round of applause and introduce the aspiring Quantumgeniality Queens!
You can see what a pickle I was in. My brains were competing against each other in a congeniality pageant! As the evening progressed my brains became finalists!
MC: This is the final stage of our Miss Quantumgeniality Pageant. For the final review portion we will invite our two finalists to the microphone to respond to the final question Ladies, your final question is: What is the purpose of love?
MC: Introducing, for the last time, Leftina.
Leftina: Thank you John for that amazing question. So what is the purpose of love you ask? There in none. Love is simply a waste of time. People that participate in this mass cultural delusion of love are all sadly mislead because it is all just mental infatuation. Love, or better, infatuation, is blind. As we know, seeing is believing. Yet, believing, meaning it is not even a definite, tangible substance is, in itself, a mere grasp into nothingness. Love is in fact fictional. Love is not reality. Double blind studies have proven, that when someone if quizzed about their so-called “mad love” it just illustrates that one person increases brain activity more than another. In my opinion, there is no purpose of love. It is all mind games, money consuming infatuation, that in the long run just leads you to getting distracted and hurt.
MC: Thank you Leftina for those inspiring words of wisdom. I sense that someone is repressing her inner child though… Now, let’s welcome Rightina back on stage.
Rightina: Thank you kindly John. The very basis of life is community, and without community any individual would face loneliness, depression and confusion as a result of the lack of similar beings surrounding them. We are designed to live together. The purpose of love is to share a level of trust, friendship and passion with other people. Despite their gender, race or religious affiliations, love is a necessity of life. It’s as important as food, water and shelter. Without love, what is the purpose of life, John? Love is life. The purpose of life is love.
So, I left you wondering who became the Quantumgeniality Queen. Surprisingly, there was no single winner. The judge is you. Are you more right or left brained? Does logic rule your life or does creativity and intuition drive your passion? In the end, I was reunited with my brain twin sisters and we all learned that instead of competing against each other, we were better together. Even if we’re constantly battling two opinions, we are stronger by living in community in the same space and the same time.

About the Author: 
Senior student from a canadian high school aspiring to become an architect in the fall

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Quantum Theories

Q is for ... Quantum biology

A new and growing field that explores whether many biological processes depend on uniquely quantum processes to work. Under particular scrutiny at the moment are photosynthesis, smell and the navigation of migratory birds.

M is for ... Multiverse

Our most successful theories of cosmology suggest that our universe is one of many universes that bubble off from one another. It’s not clear whether it will ever be possible to detect these other universes.

S is for ... Schrödinger Equation

This is the central equation of quantum theory, and describes how any quantum system will behave, and how its observable qualities are likely to manifest in an experiment.

K is for ... Kaon

These are particles that carry a quantum property called strangeness. Some fundamental particles have the property known as charm!

S is for ... Superposition

Quantum objects can exist in two or more states at once: an electron in superposition, for example, can simultaneously move clockwise and anticlockwise around a ring-shaped conductor.

F is for ... Free Will

Ideas at the heart of quantum theory, to do with randomness and the character of the molecules that make up the physical matter of our brains, lead some researchers to suggest humans can’t have free will.

I is for ... Information

Many researchers working in quantum theory believe that information is the most fundamental building block of reality.

J is for ... Josephson Junction

This is a narrow constriction in a ring of superconductor. Current can only move around the ring because of quantum laws; the apparatus provides a neat way to investigate the properties of quantum mechanics.

Q is for ... Qubit

One quantum bit of information is known as a qubit (pronounced Q-bit). The ability of quantum particles to exist in many different states at once means a single quantum object can represent multiple qubits at once, opening up the possibility of extremely fast information processing.

H is for ... Hidden Variables

One school of thought says that the strangeness of quantum theory can be put down to a lack of information; if we could find the “hidden variables” the mysteries would all go away.

C is for ... Computing

The rules of the quantum world mean that we can process information much faster than is possible using the computers we use now.

T is for ... Teleportation

Quantum tricks allow a particle to be transported from one location to another without passing through the intervening space – or that’s how it appears. The reality is that the process is more like faxing, where the information held by one particle is written onto a distant particle.

C is for ... Cryptography

People have been hiding information in messages for millennia, but the quantum world provides a whole new way to do it.

S is for ... Schrödinger’s Cat

A hypothetical experiment in which a cat kept in a closed box can be alive and dead at the same time – as long as nobody lifts the lid to take a look.

G is for ... Gluon

These elementary particles hold together the quarks that lie at the heart of matter.

E is for ... Entanglement

When two quantum objects interact, the information they contain becomes shared. This can result in a kind of link between them, where an action performed on one will affect the outcome of an action performed on the other. This “entanglement” applies even if the two particles are half a universe apart.

N is for ... Nonlocality

When two quantum particles are entangled, it can also be said they are “nonlocal”: their physical proximity does not affect the way their quantum states are linked.

Z is for ... Zero-point energy

Even at absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, nothing has zero energy. In these conditions, particles and fields are in their lowest energy state, with an energy proportional to Planck’s constant.

R is for ... Randomness

Unpredictability lies at the heart of quantum mechanics. It bothered Einstein, but it also bothers the Dalai Lama.

R is for ... Radioactivity

The atoms of a radioactive substance break apart, emitting particles. It is impossible to predict when the next particle will be emitted as it happens at random. All we can do is give the probability that any particular atom will have decayed by a given time.

U is for ... Universe

To many researchers, the universe behaves like a gigantic quantum computer that is busy processing all the information it contains.

W is for ... Wave-particle duality

It is possible to describe an atom, an electron, or a photon as either a wave or a particle. In reality, they are both: a wave and a particle.

T is for ... Tunnelling

This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.

P is for ... Probability

Quantum mechanics is a probabilistic theory: it does not give definite answers, but only the probability that an experiment will come up with a particular answer. This was the source of Einstein’s objection that God “does not play dice” with the universe.

L is for ... Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

At CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, this machine is smashing apart particles in order to discover their constituent parts and the quantum laws that govern their behaviour.

B is for ... Bell's Theorem

In 1964, John Bell came up with a way of testing whether quantum theory was a true reflection of reality. In 1982, the results came in – and the world has never been the same since!

G is for ... Gravity

Our best theory of gravity no longer belongs to Isaac Newton. It’s Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. There’s just one problem: it is incompatible with quantum theory. The effort to tie the two together provides the greatest challenge to physics in the 21st century.

V is for ... Virtual particles

Quantum theory’s uncertainty principle says that since not even empty space can have zero energy, the universe is fizzing with particle-antiparticle pairs that pop in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles are the source of Hawking radiation.

M is for ... Many Worlds Theory

Some researchers think the best way to explain the strange characteristics of the quantum world is to allow that each quantum event creates a new universe.

A is for ... Alice and Bob

In quantum experiments, these are the names traditionally given to the people transmitting and receiving information. In quantum cryptography, an eavesdropper called Eve tries to intercept the information.

U is for ... Uncertainty Principle

One of the most famous ideas in science, this declares that it is impossible to know all the physical attributes of a quantum particle or system simultaneously.

L is for ... Light

We used to believe light was a wave, then we discovered it had the properties of a particle that we call a photon. Now we know it, like all elementary quantum objects, is both a wave and a particle!

A is for ... Atom

This is the basic building block of matter that creates the world of chemical elements – although it is made up of more fundamental particles.

X is for ... X-ray

In 1923 Arthur Compton shone X-rays onto a block of graphite and found that they bounced off with their energy reduced exactly as would be expected if they were composed of particles colliding with electrons in the graphite. This was the first indication of radiation’s particle-like nature.

I is for ... Interferometer

Some of the strangest characteristics of quantum theory can be demonstrated by firing a photon into an interferometer: the device’s output is a pattern that can only be explained by the photon passing simultaneously through two widely-separated slits.

A is for ... Act of observation

Some people believe this changes everything in the quantum world, even bringing things into existence.

B is for ... Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)

At extremely low temperatures, quantum rules mean that atoms can come together and behave as if they are one giant super-atom.

H is for ... Hawking Radiation

In 1975, Stephen Hawking showed that the principles of quantum mechanics would mean that a black hole emits a slow stream of particles and would eventually evaporate.

D is for ... Decoherence

Unless it is carefully isolated, a quantum system will “leak” information into its surroundings. This can destroy delicate states such as superposition and entanglement.

W is for ... Wavefunction

The mathematics of quantum theory associates each quantum object with a wavefunction that appears in the Schrödinger equation and gives the probability of finding it in any given state.

Y is for ... Young's Double Slit Experiment

In 1801, Thomas Young proved light was a wave, and overthrew Newton’s idea that light was a “corpuscle”.

P is for ... Planck's Constant

This is one of the universal constants of nature, and relates the energy of a single quantum of radiation to its frequency. It is central to quantum theory and appears in many important formulae, including the Schrödinger Equation.

O is for ... Objective reality

Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum physics, said there is no such thing as objective reality. All we can talk about, he said, is the results of measurements we make.

R is for ... Reality

Since the predictions of quantum theory have been right in every experiment ever done, many researchers think it is the best guide we have to the nature of reality. Unfortunately, that still leaves room for plenty of ideas about what reality really is!

D is for ... Dice

Albert Einstein decided quantum theory couldn’t be right because its reliance on probability means everything is a result of chance. “God doesn’t play dice with the world,” he said.